Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Panama

Official English Name: Republic of Panama

Official Local Name(s): República de Panama

Common English Name: Panama

Capital: Panama City

REGION
Central America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Colombia (East)
Costa Rica (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Caribbean Sea (North)
Pacific Ocean (South)
TOTAL AREA
75,420 km2 (98.6% land, 1.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
555 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,490 km
CLIMATE
Tropical maritime
TERRAIN
Interior mostly steep
Rugged mountains
Dissected
Upland plains
Coastal plains and rolling hills
HIGHEST POINT
Volcán Barú (3,475 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Copper
Mahogany forests
Shrimp
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Severe storms
Forest fires
DEMONYM
Panamanian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Mestizo (65%)
Native American (12.3%)1
Black (9.2%)
Mulatto (6.8%)
White (6.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (85%)
Protestant (15%)
POPULATION
3,705,246
LARGEST CITY
Panama City (880,691)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
San Miguelito (315,019)
Tocumen (103,177)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional democracy
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Juan Carlos Varela
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
10 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
3 November 1903 (from Colombia)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Harpy eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Istmeno
GDP PER CAPITA
$21,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
B/ (Balboa)
EXCHANGE RATE
Note: The Panamanian Balboa is pegged at a 1:1 ratio along the United States dollar.
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pa
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+507

Panamanian culture is a reflection of the mix of Amerindian, European, and African backgrounds in the country.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pm.html (Majority of information)

http://www.contraloria.gob.pa/inec/Publicaciones/subcategoria.aspx?ID_CATEGORIA=13&ID_SUBCATEGORIA=59&ID_IDIOMA=1 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 November 2016

1The percentage each Native American group makes up of Panama’s total population are:

Ngabe (7.6%)

Kuna (2.4%)

Embera (0.9%)

Bugle (0.8%)

Other (0.6%)