Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Paraguay

Official English Name: Republic of Paraguay

Official Local Name(s): República del Paraguay (Spanish), Tetã Paraguái (Guaraní)

Common English Name: Paraguay

Capital: Asunción

REGION
Central South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Brazil (Northeast)
Bolivia (Northwest)
Argentina (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
406,752 km2 (97.7% land, 2.3% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,995 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Subtropical
Temperate
Semiarid in the far west
TERRAIN
Grassy hills
Woods in the east
Lowlands in the west
Dry forest everywhere else
HIGHEST POINT
Cerro Pero (842 m)
LOWEST POINT
Junction of Río Paraná and Río Paraguay (46 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
Timber
Iron ore
Manganese
Limestone
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
DEMONYM
Paraguayan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Guaraní (86.7%)
Spanish (3.4%)
German (3.1%)
Black (1.0%)
Mennonite (0.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
Guaraní
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (80.8%)
Protestant (8.2%)
Other Christian (5.2%)
Indigenous (2.3%)
Atheist (2.1%)
POPULATION
6,862,812
LARGEST CITY
Asunción (525,294)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Ciudad del Este (293,817)
San Lorenzo (256,008)
Luque (263,604)
Capiatá (224,152)
Lambaré (170,851)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Horacio Cortes
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
17 Departments
1 Capital territory
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
14 May 1811 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Paraguayos, República o Muerte
GDP PER CAPITA
$8,700 (USD)
CURRENCY
Gs (Guaraní)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = Gs5829.88
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.py
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+595

Spanish culture is heavily prevalent in Paraguay.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pa.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/PA (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.dgeec.gov.py/Publicaciones/Biblioteca/proyeccion%20nacional/Proyeccion%20Distrital.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016