Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Peru

Official English Name: Republic of Peru

Official Local Name(s): República del Peru

Common English Name: Peru

Capital: Lima

REGION
Western South America
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Ecuador (North)
Colombia (Northeast)
Brazil (East)
Bolivia (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
1,285,216 km2 (99.6% land, 0.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
7,461 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,414 km
CLIMATE
Tropical in east
Dry desert in west
Temperate and frigid in the mountains
TERRAIN
Western coastal plain
Mountains in the center
Eastern jungles
HIGHEST POINT
Nevado Huascarán (6,768 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Copper
Silver
Gold
Petroleum
Timber
Fish
Iron ore
Coal
Phosphate
Potash
Hydropower
Natural gas
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Flooding
Tsunamis
Landslides
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Peruvian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Peruvian (74.1%)1
Quechua (20.2%)
Aymara (2.3%)
Black (0.5%)
Japanese (0.5%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (82.3%)
Protestant (7.0%)
Other Christian (5.2%)
Atheist (2.5%)
Indigenous (2.2%)
POPULATION
30,741,062
LARGEST CITY
Lima (9,886,600)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Arequipa (869,400)
Trujillo (799,600)
Chiclayo (600,400)
Iquitos (437,400)
Piura (436,400)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
25 Regions
1 Province
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
28 July 1821 (from Spain)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Vicuna
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Himno Nacional del Peru
GDP PER CAPITA
$12,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
S/. (Sol)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = S/.3.42
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pe
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+51

Ceviche, a seafood dish made from fresh raw fish bathed in citrus juices, is Peru’s national dish.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/PE (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/poblacion-y-vivienda/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016

1Peruvian entails native Amerindians, Europeans, and Mestizos (a mixture of native and European).