Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Papua New Guinea

Official English Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Official Local Name(s): Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini

Common English Name: Papua New Guinea

Capital: Port Moresby

REGION
Oceania
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Indonesia (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (North and East)
Coral Sea (South)
TOTAL AREA
462,840 km2 (97.9% land, 2.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
820 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
5,152 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Mountains
Coastal lowlands
Rolling foothills
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Wilhelm (4,509 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold
Copper
Silver
Natural gas
Timber
Oil
Fisheries
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Tsunamis
Mudslides
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Papua New Guinean
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Papuan (15.4%)2
Enga (3.6%)
Medlpa (3.3%)
Huli (2.2%)
Kuman (2.0%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Tok Pisin
Hiri Motu
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Protestant (53.1%)
Roman Catholic (25.4%)
Other Christian (13.8%)
Indigenous (3.5%)
Anglican (3.1%)
POPULATION
7,788,991
LARGEST CITY
Port Moresby (410,954)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
HEAD OF STATE
Queen Elizabeth II (United Kingdom)
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Peter O’Neill
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
20 Provinces
1 Autonomous region
1 District
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
16 September 1975 (from Australia)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Bird of Paradise
NATIONAL ANTHEM
O Arise All You Sons
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,700 (USD)
CURRENCY
K (Kina)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = K3.17
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pg
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+675

Approximately 836 indigenous languages exist in Papua New Guinea, representing about 12% of the world’s total.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/PP (Ethnic and religious data)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/papua-new-guinea-population/ (National population data)

https://www.nso.gov.pg/index.php/population-and-social/other-indicators (Port Moresby population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016

1The low percentages for ethnic groups in Papua New Guinea is due to the high variance of ethnicities found within its borders. However, the majority of its population has Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, and Polynesian roots.

2Papuan consists of detribalized and neo-Melanesian.