Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Poland

Official English Name: Republic of Poland

Official Local Name(s): Rzeczpospolita Polska

Common English Name: Poland

Capital: Warsaw

REGION
Central Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Russia (North)
Lithuania (Northeast)
Belarus (East)
Ukraine (East)
Slovakia (South)
Czech Republic (Southwest)
Germany (West)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Baltic Sea (Northwest)
TOTAL AREA
312,685 km2 (97.3% land, 2.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,071 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
440 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Flat plains
Southern mountains
HIGHEST POINT
Rysy (2,499 m)
LOWEST POINT
Near Raczki Elbląskie (-2 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Sulfur
Copper
Natural gas
Silver
Lead
Salt
Amber
Arable land
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
DEMONYM
Pole
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Polish (96.9%)
Silesian (1.1%)
German (0.2%)
Ukrainian (0.1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Polish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Silesian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Catholic (87.2%)
Orthodox (1.3%)
Protestant (0.4%)
POPULATION
38,523,261
LARGEST CITY
Warsaw (1,739,586)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Kraków (762,508)
Łódź (703,186)
Wrocław (634,404)
Poznań (544,612)
Gdańsk (461,798)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Andrzej Duda
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Beata Szydło
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
16 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
11 November 1918 (Proclamation of Republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
White eagle
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Mazurek Dabrowskiego
GDP PER CAPITA
$26,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
zł (Złoty)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 4.17 zł
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pl
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+48

When drinking, especially with vodka, never raise your glass from the table alone and drink. It must be done with at least one other person.

When shaking hands, give a firm handshake with your right hand and do not put your left hand in your pocket or anywhere out of sight.

To address an elder stranger, never use second person pronouns (i.e. “you”). You must address them as “sir” or “madam”.

Pierogies are Polish dumplings that usually contain meat, cheese, and potatoes within.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/2flpVTs (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016