Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Portugal

Official English Name: Portuguese Republic

Official Local Name(s): República Portuguesa (Portuguese), Republica Pertuesa (Mirandese)

Common English Name: Portugal

Capital: Lisbon

REGION
Southwestern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Spain (North and East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (West and South)
TOTAL AREA
92,090 km2 (99.3% land, 0.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,214 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,793 km
CLIMATE
Maritime temperate
TERRAIN
Mountains in the north
Rolling plains in the south
HIGHEST POINT
Ponta do Pico (2,351 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Fish
Cork
Iron ore
Copper
Zinc
Tin
Tungsten
Silver
Gold
Uranium
Marble
Clay
Gypsum
Salt
Arable land
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Portuguese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Portuguese (96.45%)
Brazilian (0.78%)
Cabo Verdean (0.37%)
Ukrainian (0.35%)
Romanian (0.30%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Portuguese
Mirandese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (81.00%)
Atheist (6.84%)
Other Christian (1.82%)
Protestant (0.84%)
Orthodox (0.63%)
POPULATION
10,833,816
LARGEST CITY
Lisbon (552,700)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Porto (237,591)
Vila Nova de Gaia (186,502)
Amadora (175,136)
Braga (136,885)
Funchal (111,541)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic, parliamentary democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister António Luís Santos da Costa
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
18 Districts
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
5 October 1910 (Proclamation of Republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Armillary sphere
NATIONAL ANTHEM
A Portuguesa
GDP PER CAPITA
$27,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
€ (Euro)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = €0.94
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.pt
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+351

Portugal has a rich tradition of folklore.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html (Majority of information)

https://www.ine.pt/ (Ethnic, religious, and city population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016