Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Qatar

Official English Name: State of Qatar

Official Local Name(s): دولة قطر

Common English Name: Qatar

Capital: Doha

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Saudi Arabia (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Persian Gulf (North, East, and South)
TOTAL AREA
11,586 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
60 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
563 km
CLIMATE
Arid
TERRAIN
Flat desert
HIGHEST POINT
Tuwayyir al Hamir (103 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Fish
NATURAL DISASTERS
Haze
Dust storms
Sandstorms
DEMONYM
Qatari
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Arab (56.1%)
Persian (9.6%)
African (9.1%)
Pakistani (8.0%)
Filipino (4.3%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (87.5%)
Christian (6.3%)
Hindu (2.9%)
Buddhist (1.9%)
Atheist (0.8%)
POPULATION
2,611,522
LARGEST CITY
Doha (951,765)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
ar-Rayyan (589,531)
al-Wukayr (165,214)
ash-Shahaniya (138,509)
adh-Dhakira (100,118)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Emirate
HEAD OF STATE
Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
7 Municipalities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
3 September 1971 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Al-Salam Al-Amiri
GDP PER CAPITA
$137,200 (USD)
CURRENCY
ر.ق (Qatari Riyal)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ر.ق3.64
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.qa
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+974

Qatar is the world’s biggest buyer in the art market by value.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/qa.html (Majority of information)

https://www.ine.pt/ (Ethnic, religious, and city population data)

http://bit.ly/2fDwL50 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016