Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Russia

Official English Name: Russian Federation

Official Local Name(s): Российская Федерация

Common English Name: Russia

Capital: Moscow

REGION
North Asia
Northeastern Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Norway (Northwest)
Finland (Northwest)
Estonia (West)
Latvia (West)
Lithuania (North)
Poland (South)
Ukraine (Southwest)
Belarus (Southwest)
Georgia (Southwest)
Azerbaijan (Southwest)
Kazakhstan (South)
Mongolia (South)
China (South)
North Korea (Southeast)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Arctic Ocean (North)
Pacific Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
17,098,242 km2 (95.8% land, 4.2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
22,407 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
37,653 km
CLIMATE
European Russia
Humid continental
Asian Russia
Subarctic to tundra
TERRAIN
European Russia
Broad plains
Low hills
Asian Russia
Forest and tundra in the north
Mountains in the south
HIGHEST POINT
Gora El’brus (5,633 m)
LOWEST POINT
Caspian Sea (-28 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
Minerals
Rare earth elements
Timber
NATURAL DISASTERS
Permafrost
Volcanic activity
Earthquakes
Flooding
Forest fires
DEMONYM
Russian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Russian (77.7%)
Tatar (3.7%)
Ukrainian (1.4%)
Bashkir (1.1%)
Chuvash (1%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Russian
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Dolgang
German
Chechen
Tatar
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Orthodox (54.7%)
Atheist (30.4%)
Muslim (10.0%)
Protestant (1.6%)
Indigenous (1.3%)
POPULATION
142,355,415
LARGEST CITY
Moscow (12,179,144)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Saint Petersburg (5,225,690)
Novosibirsk (1,584,138)
Yekaterinburg (1,444,439)
Nizhny Novgorod (1,266,871)
Kazan (1,216,965)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Semi-Presidential Federation
HEAD OF STATE
President Vladimir Putin
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Premier Dmitriy Anatolyevich Medvedev
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
46 Provinces
21 Republics
4 Autonomous okrugs
9 Krays
2 Federal cities
1 Autonomous oblast
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Bear
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii
GDP PER CAPITA
$25,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
₽ (Russian Ruble)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ₽64.92
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ru
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+7

Humor in Russia is derived from the flexibility of the Russian language and is usually satirical of Russian culture.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rs.html (Majority of information)

http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/en/figures/population/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 26 November 2016