Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Saudi Arabia

Official English Name: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Official Local Name(s): المملكة العربية السعودية

Common English Name: Saudi Arabia

Capital: Riyadh

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Iraq (North)
Jordan (Northwest)
Oman (Southeast)
Qatar (East)
United Arab Emirates (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Red Sea (West)
Persian Gulf (East)
TOTAL AREA
2,149,690 km2 (100% land, 0% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
4,272 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,640 km
CLIMATE
Harsh, dry desert
Great temperature extremes
TERRAIN
Mostly sandy desert
HIGHEST POINT
Jabal Sawda’ (3,133 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Iron ore
Gold
Copper
NATURAL DISASTERS
Sandstorms
Dust storms
DEMONYM
Saudi
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Arab (84.2%)1
South Asian (7.9%)
East/Southeast Asian (4.2%)
African (1.4%)
Persian (0.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (91.6%)
Christian (4.4%)
Hindu (2.6%)
Atheist (0.7%)
Buddhist (0.3%)
POPULATION
31,742,308
LARGEST CITY
Riyadh (5,328,228)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Jeddah (3,456,259)
Mecca (1,675,368)
Medina (1,180,770)
Hofuf (1,063,112)
Ta’if (987,914)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Monarchy
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
King Salman bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
13 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
23 September 1932 (Unification)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Palm tree surmounting two crossed swords
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Aash Al Maleek
GDP PER CAPITA
$53,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
ر.س (Saudi Riyal)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ر.س3.75
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.sa
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+966

Culture in Saudi Arabia is very conservative and based on traditional Islam.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sa.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SA (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.stats.gov.sa/en (National and city population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 November 2016

1Outside of Saudi Arabs, the five largest Arab groups in Saudi Arabia are:

1. Egyptian (1.8%)

2. Yemeni (1.5%)

3. Palestinian (1.2%)

4. Lebanese (1.0%)

5. Syrian (0.5%)