Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Senegal

Official English Name: Republic of Senegal

Official Local Name(s): République du Senegal

Common English Name: Senegal

Capital: Dakar

REGION
Western Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
The Gambia (South)
Guinea (South)
Guinea-Bissau (South)
Mali (East)
Mauritania (North)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Atlantic Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
196,722 km2 (98% land, 2% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,684 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
531 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Low rolling plains
HIGHEST POINT
Unnamed elevation (581 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Fish
Phosphates
Iron ore
NATURAL DISASTERS
Seasonal floods
Periodic droughts
DEMONYM
Senegalese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Wolof (38.7%)
Pular (26.5%)
Serer (15%)
Mandinka (4.2%)
Jola (4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
French
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Wolof
Pulaar
Jola
Mandinka
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (95.4%)
Christian (4.2%)
Animist (0.4%)
POPULATION
14,320,055
LARGEST CITY
Dakar (2,646,543)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Touba (753,315)
Thiès (317,763)
Kaolack (233,708)
Mbour (232,777)
Rufisque (221,066)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Macky Sall
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Mohammed Dionne
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 April 1960 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,500 (USD)
CURRENCY
CFA (West African CFA Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = CFA616.10
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.sn
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+221

Hospitality (teranga) is a major tenet of Senegalese culture. As a result of this, being invited to somebody’s home is rare, unless you suggest it in some sort of way, such as “let’s have dinner together sometime”.

In the capital Dakar, everything moves quickly. Don’t pause for too long otherwise you will be approached by street vendors or shop owners who want to take you to their shops. Pedestrians also do not have the right of way.

To avoid being approached constantly, learn to say (in French or in Wolof) that you live and work in Dakar.

Women should avoid travelling alone, as men will constantly come up to you and ask if you’re married. If this does happen, per chance, just tell them that you already have a husband.

Beggars are not uncommon, however, despite there being many in need, there are also lots of scams. Give money to children, and not adults, unless you see that they are really in a bad situation.

Both Christian and Muslim holidays are observed.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sg.html (Majority of information)

http://www.ansd.sn/index.php?option=com_ansd&view=theme&id=9 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 29 November 2016