Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Somalia

Official English Name: Federal Republic of Somalia

Official Local Name(s): Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya (Somali), جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية (Arabic)

Common English Name: Somalia

Capital: Mogadishu

REGION
Eastern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Djibouti (Northwest)
Ethiopia (West)
Kenya (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (East)
TOTAL AREA
637,657 km2 (98.4% land, 1.6% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,340 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
3,025 km
CLIMATE
Mostly desert
Moderate temperatures in the north
TERRAIN
Flat plateau
Hills in the north
HIGHEST POINT
Shimbiris (2,416 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Uranium
Iron ore
Tin
Gypsum
Bauxite
Copper
Salt
Natural gas
Oil reserves
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Flooding
Dust storms
DEMONYM
Somali
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Somali (73.4%)
Rahanweyn (18.7%)
Bantu (4.1%)
Garre (0.7%)
Arab (0.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Somali
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Italian
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (99.5%)
Christian (0.3%)
Hindu (0.1%)
Indigenous (0.1%)
POPULATION
10,817,354
LARGEST CITY
Mogadishu (2,587,183)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Hargeysa (477,876)
Berbera (242,344)
Kismayo (234,852)
Marka (230,100)
Jamame (185,270)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Transitional Federal Parliamentary Republic
HEAD OF STATE
President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
18 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 July 1960 (from the United Kingdom and Italy)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Leopard
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Qolobaa Calankeed
GDP PER CAPITA
$550 (USD)
CURRENCY
S (Somali Shilling)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = S576.39
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.so
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+252

Clans play a central role in Somali society and are influential even in politics.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SO (Ethnic and religious data)

http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/somalia-population/cities/ (City population data)

http://data.worldbank.org/country/somalia (GDP per capita data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 November 2016