Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

South Africa

Official English Name: Republic of South Africa

Official Local Name(s): Republiek van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans), !Riphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika (Zulu)

Note: 8 other official local names exist; these are the most widely spoken official languages

Common English Name: South Africa

Capital(s): Pretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Cape Town (Legislative)

REGION
Southern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Namibia (Northwest)
Botswana (North)
Zimbabwe (Northeast)
Mozambique (Northeast)
Swaziland (Northeast)
Lesotho (Surrounding)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (South and East)
Atlantic Ocean (West)
TOTAL AREA
1,219,090 km2 (99.6% land, 0.4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
4,862 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
2,798 km
CLIMATE
Semiarid
TERRAIN
Vast interior plateau
Rugged hills
Coastal plain
HIGHEST POINT
Njesuthi (3,408 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Gold
Chromium
Antimony
Coal
Iron ore
Manganese
Nickel
Phosphates
Tin
Rare earth elements
Uranium
Gem diamonds
Platinum
Copper
Vanadium
Salt
Natural gas
NATURAL DISASTERS
Droughts
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
South African
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Black African (80.2%)
Coloured (8.8%)1
White (8.4%)
Asian (2.5%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Zulu
Xhosa
Afrikaans
English
Sepedi
Setswana
Sesotho
Xitsonga
siSwati
Tshivenda
Ndebele
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Other Christian (37.6%)
Protestant (20.9%)
Indigenous (18.6%)
Roman Catholic (17.0%)
Anglican (1.9%)
POPULATION
54,300,704
LARGEST CITY
Soweto (1,271,628)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Johannesburg (957,441)
Pretoria (741,651)
Durban (595,061)
Tembisa (463,109)
Cape Town (433,688)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Jacob Zuma
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
9 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
31 May 1961 (Declaration of republic)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Springbok antelope
NATIONAL ANTHEM
National Anthem of South Africa
GDP PER CAPITA
$13,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
R (Rand)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = R 14.10
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.za
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+27

Traditional culture in South Africa among the Bantu peoples is still prevalent in rural areas.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sf.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SF (Religious data)

http://www.statssa.gov.za/publications/P03014/P030142011.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 30 November 2016

1Coloured is a term used by South Africans to describe someone of mixed race.