Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Sri Lanka

Official English Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Official Local Name(s): ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhala), இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil)

Common English Name: Sri Lanka

Capital: Colombo

REGION
Southern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (Surrounded)
TOTAL AREA
65,610 km2 (98.5% land, 1.5% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
0 km (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,340 km
CLIMATE
Tropical monsoon
TERRAIN
Low to flat rolling plains
Mountains in the south-central interior
HIGHEST POINT
Pidurutalagala (2,524 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Limestone
Graphite
Mineral sands
Gems
Phosphates
Clay
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Cyclones
Tornadoes
DEMONYM
Sri Lankan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Sinhalese (74.9%)
Sri Lankan Tamil (11.2%)
Sri Lankan Moors (9.2%)
Indian Tamil (4.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Sinhala
Tamil
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Buddhist (70.2%)
Hindu (12.6%)
Muslim (9.7%)
Christian (7.4%)
POPULATION
22,235,000
LARGEST CITY
Colombo (561,314)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Kaduwela (252,041)
Maharagama (196,423)
Kesbewa (185,122)
Dehiwala-Mount Levinia (184,468)
Chavakachcheri (168,280)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Maithripala Sirisena
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
9 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 February 1948 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Lion
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Sri Lanka Matha
GDP PER CAPITA
$10,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
රු (Sri Lankan Rupee)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = රු148.22
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.lk
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+94

Tea culture is important in Sri Lanka as it is one of the largest producers of tea leaves.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html (Majority of information)

http://bit.ly/2h3CPpv (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 2 December 2016