Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Switzerland

Official English Name: Swiss Confederation

Official Local Name(s): Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German), Confédération suisse (French), Confederazione Svizzera (Italian), Confederaziun svizra (Romansh)

Common English Name: Switzerland

Note: Switzerland has no official designated capital city. However, Bern is the de facto federal city or administrative seat.

REGION
Central Europe
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
France (Northwest)
Germany (Northeast)
Austria (East)
Liechtenstein (East)
Italy (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
41,277 km2 (96.9% land, 3.1% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
1,852 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
Mostly mountains
Central plateau
Rolling hills
Plains
Lakes
HIGHEST POINT
Dufourspitze (4,634 m)
LOWEST POINT
Lake Maggiore (195 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
Timber
Salt
NATURAL DISASTERS
Avalanches
Landslides
Flash floods
DEMONYM
Swiss
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
German (57.1%)
French (20.8%)
Italian (7.9%)
Portuguese (3.0%)
Albanian (1.3%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
German
French
Italian
Romansh
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
Portuguese
Albanian
Serbo-Croatian
Spanish
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Roman Catholic (38.3%)
Protestant (28.6%)
Atheist (16.7%)
Other Christian (6.2%)
Muslim (3.9%)
POPULATION
8,179,294
LARGEST CITY
Zurich (396,955)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Geneva (198,072)
Basel (169,916)
Lausanne (135,629)
Bern (131,554)
Winterthur (108,268)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Hybrid between confederation and federal republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Johann N. Schneider-Ammann
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
26 Cantons
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1 August 1291 (founding of confederation)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Swiss cross
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Swiss Psalm
GDP PER CAPITA
$58,600 (USD)
CURRENCY
CHF (Swiss Franc)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = CHF1.01
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.ch
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+41

Because of the mountainous nature of Swiss terrain, mountain culture is prominent in the country.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SZ (Ethnic and religious data)

https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/en/home.html (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 December 2016

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