Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Syria

Official English Name: Syrian Arab Republic

Official Local Name(s): الجمهورية العربية السورية

Common English Name: Syria

Capital: Damascus

REGION
Middle East
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Turkey (North)
Iraq (East)
Jordan (South)
Israel (Southwest)
Lebanon (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Mediterranean Sea (West)
TOTAL AREA
185,180 km2 (99.2% land, 0.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,253 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
193 km
CLIMATE
Mostly desert
TERRAIN
Semiarid desert plateau
Narrow coastal plain
Western mountains
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Hermon (2,814 m)
LOWEST POINT
Unnamed location (-200 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Phosphates
Chrome
Manganese ores
Asphalt
Iron ore
Rock salt
Marble
Gypsum
Hydropower
NATURAL DISASTERS
Dust storms
Sandstorms
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Syrian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Arab (70.1%)
Alawite (7.3%)
Kurd (7.3%)
Druze (2.1%)
Assyrian (0.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Kurdish
Armenian
Aramaic
Circassian
French
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (90.1%)
Christian (6.0%)
Druze (2.4%)
Atheist (1.6%)
POPULATION
17,185,170
LARGEST CITY
Aleppo (2,132,000)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Damascus (1,414,913)
Homs (652,609)
Latakia (383,786)
Hama (312,994)
Ar-Raqqah (220,488)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic under authoritarian regime
HEAD OF STATE
President Bashar al-Asad
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Imad Khamis
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
17 April 1946 (from France)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Hawk
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Humat ad-Diyar
GDP PER CAPITA
$5,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
£ (Syrian Pound)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = £213.30
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.sy
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+963

Heavy importance is placed on family in Syrian culture.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sy.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/SZ (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.cbssyr.sy/index-EN.htm (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 3 December 2016