Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Taiwan

Common English Name: Taiwan

Capital: Taipei

REGION
Eastern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
East China Sea (North)
Philippine Sea (East)
South China Sea (Southwest)
TOTAL AREA
35,980 km2 (89.7% land, 10.3% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
None (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,566.3 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Rugged mountains in the east
Flat and rolling plains in the west
HIGHEST POINT
Yu Shan (3,952 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Natural gas
Limestone
Marble
Asbestos
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
Typhoons
DEMONYM
Taiwanese
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Taiwanese (57.5%)
Mandarin Chinese (19.3%)
Hakka Chinese (18.1%)
Indonesian (1.1%)
Amis (0.9%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Mandarin Chinese
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Taiwanese
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Taoist (61.2%)
Buddhist (27.3%)
Christian (6.0%)
Atheist (2.9%)
Muslim (1.2%)
POPULATION
23,464,787
LARGEST CITY
New Taipei (3,971,250)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Kaohsiung (2,778,729)
Taichung (2,746,112)
Taipei (2,704,974)
Taoyuan (2,108,786)
Tainan (1,885,550)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Multiparty democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Tsai Ing-wen
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Premier Lin Chuan
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
14 Counties
3 Municipalities
5 Special municipalities
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
10 October 1911 (from China)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
White, 12-rayed sun on blue field
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Zhonghua Minguo gouge
GDP PER CAPITA
$46,800 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Taiwanese Dollar)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $32.01 (TWD)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.tw
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+886

Although most of Taiwan’s culture is heavily influenced by China, its cuisine is heavily influenced by Japan.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TW (Ethnic and religious data)

http://w2.dbas.taipei.gov.tw/NEWS_WEEKLY/express/E01.pdf#a (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 21 December 2016