Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Tanzania

Official English Name: United Republic of Tanzania

Official Local Name(s): Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Common English Name: Tanzania

Capital: Dodoma

REGION
Eastern Africa
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Burundi (Northwest)
Democratic Republic of the Congo (West)
Kenya (Northeast)
Malawi (South)
Mozambique (South)
Rwanda (Northwest)
Uganda (Northwest)
Zambia (Southwest)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Indian Ocean (East)
Lake Victoria (North)
Lake Tanganyika (West)
TOTAL AREA
947, abortion abortion 300 km2 (93.6% Land, 6.4% Water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,861 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
1,424 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
Temperate
TERRAIN
Plains along the coast
Central plateau
Highlands in the north
HIGHEST POINT
Kilimanjaro (5,895 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Hydropower
Tin
Phosphates
Iron ore
Coal
Diamonds
Gemstones
Gold
NATURAL DISASTERS
Flooding
Droughts
DEMONYM
Tanzanian
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS1
Sukuma (16.3%)
Gogo (4.3%)
Haya (3.9%)
Ha (3.2%)
Makonde (3.0%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Swahili
English
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Arabic
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Christian (50.7%)
Muslim (29.2%)
Folk religion (18.6%)
Hindu (1.0%)
Atheist (0.4%)
POPULATION
52,482,726
LARGEST CITY
Dar es Salaam (4,364,541)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Mwanza (706,543)
Arusha (416,442)
Dodoma (410,956)
Mbeya (385,279)
Morogoro (315,866)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President John Magufuli
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
30 Regions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
26 April 1964 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Uhuru Torch
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Mungu ibariki Afrika
GDP PER CAPITA
$2,900 (USD)
CURRENCY
=/ (Tanzanian Shilling)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = 2174.98=/
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.tz
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+255

Tinga-Tinga is a form of bright colored painting native to Tanzania.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TZ (Ethnic and religious data)

http://nbs.go.tz/nbs/sensa/PDF/2012%20PHC%20POPULAR%20VERSION.pdf (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 21 December 2016

1The low percentages reflect the ethnic diversity in Tanzania.