Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Thailand

Official English Name: Kingdom of Thailand

Official Local Name(s): ราชอาณาจักรไทย

Common English Name: Thailand

Capital: Bangkok

REGION
Southeastern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Myanmar (Northwest)
Cambodia (Southeast)
Laos (East)
Malaysia (South)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
South China Sea (South)
TOTAL AREA
513,120 km2 (99.96% land, 0.04% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
4,863 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
3,219 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Central plain
Plateau in the east
HIGHEST POINT
Doi Inthanon (2,576 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Tin
Rubber
Natural gas
Tungsten
Tantalum
Timber
Lead
Fish
NATURAL DISASTERS
Land subsidence
Droughts
DEMONYM
Thai
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Thai (88.6%)
Malay (2.5%)
Chinese (2.5%)
Khmer (2.2%)
Kui (0.6%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Thai
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Burmese
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Buddhist (84.6%)
Muslim (8.6%)
Indigenous (3.1%)
Atheist (2.1%)
Christian (1.3%)
POPULATION
68,200,824
LARGEST CITY
Bangkok (5,782,159)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Nonthaburi (270,609)
Nakhon Ratchasima (174,332)
Chiang Mai (174,235)
Hat Yai (157,467)
Udon Thani (155,339)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Prayut Chan-ocha
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
76 Provinces
1 Municipality
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
1238 (Founded)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Garuda
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Phleng Chat Thai
GDP PER CAPITA
$16,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
฿ (Baht)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = ฿35.95
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.th
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+66

Nicknames are common in Thailand, and they are usually given as a child by elders and are generally one-syllable.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/th.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TH (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.dla.go.th/templateOrganize/temp1/e_book_detail.jsp?id=4576 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 December 2016