Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Tonga

Official English Name: Kingdom of Tonga

Official Local Name(s): Pule’anga Tonga

Common English Name: Tonga

Capital: Nuku’alofa

REGION
Oceania
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
None (Island)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Pacific Ocean (Surrounded)
TOTAL AREA
747 km2 (96% land, 4% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
None (Island)
TOTAL COASTLINE
419 km
CLIMATE
Tropical
TERRAIN
Limestone base formed from uplifted coral structures
HIGHEST POINT
Unnamed elevation on Kao Island (1,033 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Fish
Fertile soil
NATURAL DISASTERS
Cyclones
Earthquakes
Volcanic activity
DEMONYM
Tongan
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Tongan (94.4%)
Niuatoputapu (1.6%)
Euronesian (0.7%)
Niuafoou (0.7%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Tongan
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
English
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Protestant (43.2%)
Mormon (24.4%)
Roman Catholic (14.7%)
Other Christian (11.8%)
Indigenous (3.6%)
POPULATION
106,513
LARGEST CITY
Nuku’alofa (25,000)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Constitutional monarchy
HEAD OF STATE
King Tupou VI
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister ʻAkilisi Pohiva
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
5 Island divisions
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
4 June 1970 (from the United Kingdom)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Red cross on a white field
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Ko e fasi ‘o e tu”I ‘o e
GDP PER CAPITA
$5,100 (USD)
CURRENCY
$ (Pa’anga)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = $2.23 (TOP)
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.to
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+676

As in most Polynesian societies, the social structure in Tonga is highly stratified.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tn.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TN (Ethnic and religious data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 23 December 2016