Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Turkey

Official English Name: Republic of Turkey

Official Local Name(s): Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Common English Name: Turkey

Capital: Ankara

REGION
Southeastern Europe
Southwestern Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Armenia (East)
Azerbaijan (East)
Bulgaria (Northwest)
Georgia (Northeastern)
Greece (West)
Iran (East)
Iraq (East)
Syria (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
Black Sea (North)
Mediterranean Sea (South)
TOTAL AREA
783,562 km2 (98.2% land, 1.8% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
2,656 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
7,200 km
CLIMATE
Temperate
TERRAIN
High central plateaus
HIGHEST POINT
Mount Ararat (5,166 m)
LOWEST POINT
Sea Level
NATURAL RESOURCES
Coal
Iron ore
Copper
Chromium
Antimony
Mercury
Gold
Barite
NATURAL DISASTERS
Earthquakes
DEMONYM
Turk
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Turkish (69.4%)
Kurdish (18.1%)
Arab (3.1%)
Zaza (1.8%)
Kabardian (1.4%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Turkish
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Kurdish
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (96.5%)
Atheist (3.1%)
Christian (0.4%)
POPULATION
80,274,604
LARGEST CITY
Istanbul (14,657,434)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Ankara (5,270,575)
Izmir (4,168,415)
Bursa (2,842,547)
Antalya (2,288,456)
Adana (2,183,167)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Republican parliamentary democracy
HEAD OF STATE
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
81 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
29 October 1923 (collapse of Ottoman Empire)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Star and crescent
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Istiklal Marsi
GDP PER CAPITA
$19,700 (USD)
CURRENCY
TL (Turkish Lira)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = TL3.52
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.tr
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+90

Since Ottoman times, oiled wrestling has been the national sport of Turkey.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TU (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1059 (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 December 2016