Written by rohithamruthur@gmail.com

Turkmenistan

Common English Name: Turkmenistan

Capital: Ashgabat

REGION
Central Asia
NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES
Afghanistan (Southeast)
Iran (Southwest)
Kazakhstan (North)
Uzbekistan (East)
NEIGHBORING BODIES OF WATER
None (Landlocked)
TOTAL AREA
488,100 km2 (96.3% land, 3.7% water)
TOTAL LAND BOUNDARIES
3,736 km
TOTAL COASTLINE
0 km (Landlocked)
CLIMATE
Subtropical desert
TERRAIN
Flat-to-rolling sandy desert
HIGHEST POINT
Gora Ayribaba (3,139 m)
LOWEST POINT
Vpadina Akchanaya (-81 m)
NATURAL RESOURCES
Petroleum
Natural gas
Sulfur
Salt
DEMONYM
Turkmen
LARGEST ETHNIC GROUPS
Turkmen (78.6%)
Uzbek (9.4%)
Russian (2.6%)
Kazakh (2.2%)
Tatar (1.2%)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE(S)
Turkmen
OTHER MAJOR LANGUAGE(S)
Russian
Uzbek
LARGEST RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Muslim (94.9%)
Orthodox Christian (2.8%)
Atheist (2.0%)
Roman Catholic (0.2%)
POPULATION
5,291,317
LARGEST CITY
Ashgabat (947,221)
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
Türkmenabat (279,765)
Daşoguz (245,872)
Mary (126,141)
GOVERNMENT TYPE
Secular Democracy and Presidential Republic
HEAD OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT
President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
5 Provinces
INDEPENDENCE GAINED
27 October 1991 (from Soviet Union)
NATIONAL SYMBOL
Akhal-Teke horse
NATIONAL ANTHEM
Garassyz, Bitarap Turkmenistanyn
GDP PER CAPITA
$16,400 (USD)
CURRENCY
m (Turkmenistani Manat)
EXCHANGE RATE
$1 (USD) = m3.50
INTERNET COUNTRY CODE
.tm
TELEPHONE COUNTRY CODE
+993

Even after Soviet times, nomads are still prominent within Turkmenistan.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tx.html (Majority of information)

https://joshuaproject.net/countries/TX (Ethnic and religious data)

http://www.stat.gov.tm/ (City population data)

Wolfram|Alpha (Currency exchange data)

Information accurate to best of ability as of 25 December 2016